Contrasting the Economy of the Apache and Chinook Tribesby Rit Nosotro
Contrast the ecomomic differences between the Apache and Chinook Tribes. How did religion affect trade and development?
Although the Apache and Chinook Tribes had similar pantheistic religions, worshiped nature, and they both were hunter-gathers their economies had distinguishing characteristics.
The pantheistic religions of these two tribes affected their economies. As a direct result of them believing that everything contained a spirit they did not want to own their own land, which lead to a collapse of their economy. When the whites began to enter their area they unfairly claimed the land for themselves.
The ancient Apache and Chinook tribes are similar in several ways. They both
had similar pantheistic religions, they both respected and worshiped nature,
and they both were hunter-gathers. They were very strong tribes and have lasted
for several hundred years. As one can guess, they also have very distinguishing
characteristics, one of them being their economy.
The Apache tribe is a nomadic hunter-gatherer native tribe. They originally came from Canada and worked their way down threw the Rockies and are currently dispersed in mostly, California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. One reason for the Apaches’ nomadic behavior was because the Comanche, another native tribe, pushed them further south, out of the buffalo hunting lands. Due to their nomadic tendencies they created grass huts named Kowa.While the Apache tribe was traveling south, the land belonged to no one. Although they were manly hunter- gathers they did trade various things. For example, they would trade shells and other natural goods; however, the trade was limited.
The Chinook tribe, on the other hand, was mostly based in Oregon and Washington. They were not a very nomadic tribe. Instead of grass houses they created long houses in which they could fit up to one hundred people. For the most part they were hunter-gathers. However, the Chinook tribe paid special attention to trading. They traded salmon, slaves, and shells between tribes. Trade was part of the reason why this tribe thrived. Another large reason why this tribe thrived was because they lived near the Wy-am area on the Columbia River, this was one of the most prominent fishing places. The land was not owned by individuals, they believed that there was a spirit in everything and considered land to be sacred, so they shared it.
The Chinook prospered above the Apache for several reasons, the main ones being: stability, location, and trade. The Apache Natives, as previously mentioned, were mobile, they would go from place to place to find food or because they were kicked out of one area. The Chinook on the other hand rarely moved around and had solid houses. This stability could benefit their economy because it wasn’t constantly changing, it was steady. The people weren’t starving one day and flourishing another. The location is was another benefit the Chinook had on their side. They found a good river overflowing with fish and the land was abundant with livestock. The location also provided good trading posts. The Chinook tribe stayed strong because they were always near each other and not spread apart in seven locations like the Apache natives. Lastly, they traded with several tribes and trade flourished because of all the unique things the Chinook had to offer. Their stability played part in the trade because the other tribes trusted them and were more willing to trade with a tribe they knew where to find.
The pantheistic religions of these two tribes affected the economy. As a direct result of them believing that everything contained a spirit they did not want to own their own land, which lead to the greatest fall in their economy. When the whites began to enter their area they claimed the land for them selves and didn’t consider the natives. The natives were being fair, but in turn the whites stole the land. The Apache and Chinook tribes are similar in many things like their basic outlook towards nature. Both of these two tribes are/were very strong but the Chinook economy was stronger than the Apache economy because they had better stability, location, and trade.
The main problem is that sometimes when people see how beautiful, amazing, and providing the creation is they begin to worship it. They think that it is so wonderful it must have a spirit or be of some sort of higher power. Then they forget who made these wonderful creations. In one sense their view of creation made them appreciate the land and its animals and get maximum benefit from it. For example, they used every part of the buffalo and wasted nothing. However, on the other hand the natives lost sight of what was truly important and they lost their land. As it says in the bible “A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.” (KJV, Mathew 7:18) In other words, because the natives worship towards nature was wrong, nothing good could come out of it.
What was the main similarity between the two tribes?
What three factors greatly impacted the native economy?
a) Stability, location and trade
b) Location, trade, and clothes
c) Trade, beads, and art
What did the tribes worship?
Which tribes’ economy had higher potential?
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