Adolph Hitler- born in 1889, he was the dictator of Germany from 1933 till his death in 1945. He was the man responsible for starting World War two, the Jewish holocaust, and the deaths of almost 27 million people in the duration of World War II. He remains one of the most infamous characters in history.
Atomic Bomb- an extremely destructive type of bomb, whose explosion results
from a very rapid chain of nuclear fission is set off by neutron bombardment
in the atoms of a charge of plutonium or uranium. First used in war over Hiroshima
Benito Mussolini- born in 1883, he was the fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 till his death in 1943. He was one of Hitler’s allies in World War II, and earlier in his life he served as a mentor and even a role model for the ways Hitler would take up.
Berlin Wall- infamous wall that separated the Democratic East Germany, from the Soviet West Germany. Through the efforts of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, the wall was finally brought down in 1989, soon before the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Bernard Law Montgomery- born in 1887, he was one of the field Marshals of the British during World War II. He was a brilliant tactician, and a great rival of the American General George S. Patton.
Bolsheviks- were members of the labor party who in 1917 overthrew the Russian Czar Nicholas II, and created a Communist dictatorship which lasted until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Blitzkrieg- a swift, sudden engagement of large scale warfare with the intention of winning a quick victory.
Cold War- the Cold War is described as a sharp stand off between the United States and Russia, where diplomatic relations were strained, and an arms race existed. However, the Cold War is not as cold as the name implies, for there were many conflicts, including Vietnam and Korea, which US forces faced Soviet forces. The Cold War ended with US victory, due in large part to the courageous stand of the President, Ronald Reagan, against the Soviet empire.
Communism- An idealistic economic system, where the government controls all the production, and redistributes all income evenly among its citizens, with the purpose of ultimately reaching a point of utopia, where government will fade away, and all will be filled with joy. In this economic experiment, however, tens of millions have perished at the hands of dictators who took up this ideal.
Czar Nicholas II- born in 1868, he was the last Czar of Russia before he was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Bolsheviks. He was later executed in 1918.
Douglas McArthur- born in 1880, he was another among America’s great generals. He commanded US forces in World War II, as well in Korea, before he was retired by President Truman in 1951. He died in 1964.
Dwight D. Eisenhower- born in 1890, he was the supreme allied commander in World War II, and who would later become the 34th President of the United States (1953-1961). He died in 1969.
Environmentalism- is a radical movement that seeks to “protect” the environment from “destructive” activities of men seeking to conserve the natural environment even at the cost of millions of lives of people.
Erwin Rommel- born in 1891, he was the German field Marshall during World War II. He was a brilliant tactician, earning the name “Desert Fox” in Africa. In 1944 he committed suicide, when conflicts between him and Hitler came to a breaking point.
European Union- also known as the EU, this is an organization of 25 “independent” states, which was founded with the intention of enhancing European economic, social, and political cooperation. This union is perhaps the clearest example at the expansion of globalism.
George S. Patton- born in 1885, he was one of the American Generals during World War II. Patton was perhaps one of the greatest American strategists, who helped lead the allies to victory in Africa, and in Europe, including during the Battle of the Bulge. He was a great rival of the British field marshal Montgomery. He died in 1945, in a tragic Jeep accident.
George W. Bush- born in 1946 President Bush is the 43rd President of the United States and our current President. Following in many of the steps former President Ronald Reagan has left, he has been leading America with courage and integrity, without flinching in the face of the enemy in our day. He has also worked to reduce the burden of taxes on the American people, to help improve education, as well as other things. Though he has made mistakes, and is not perfect, he has gone through tremendous adversity, from both sides of the political spectrum, to make America a better and safer place.
Globalism- is the attempt to unite the world politically where nations no longer are sovereign, but are ruled under a common government; it is the attempt to make the world one big “nation” once again, like the pre-Babel times.
Great Depression- was a period after World War I where the United States experienced a tremendous time of poverty and economic stagnation after the market bottomed out on “Black Tuesday”. This period of economic stagnation was a result of liberal politicians attempting to create an artificial state of constant economic boom, which left the nation’s economy teetering on disaster, as well as other factors, such as excessive speculation on the part of investors. This period of depression finally came to an end during World War II.
Jet- The jet is an air craft that revolutionized transportation and warfare, by allowing man to go faster and further over the air than he had ever been able to before. The jet utilizes a turbine that sucks in air, and then forcibly blasting it out behind the turbine, giving speed and lift to the aircraft. Advancements on the jet engine still are bringing exciting new developments in the aviating world, including the new F-22 Raptor, shown on the right.
Joseph Stalin- born in 1879, he was the communist dictator of Russia from 1941 till his death in 1953. During his brutal regime, he is believed to have slaughtered up to 50 million people, and helped spread the genocidal form of government of which he clung to.
Korean War- was a war between the Communist Northern Korea, and the Democratic South Korea, waged because the North Korea wanted to absorb South Korea to make one Communist Nation. It lasted from 1950 until 1953, when the two nations agreed on a cease-fire, and a reaffirmation of the separation.
Mao Tse-tung- born in 1893, he was the communist dictator of China from 1949-1959. During his reign, he is believed to have been responsible for up to 60 million of his own people’s lives, and much like Stalin, worked to spread the destructive teachings of communism around the world.
Mikhail Gorbachev- born in 1931, he was the Soviet premier from 1985 – 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union. He was the man in power during the time Ronald Reagan made a stand against communism.
Nazism- was the form of government taken up by Germany from 1919 till its abolishment in 1949. The National Socialist German Worker’s party, or Nazi party, was a platform through which Hitler instilled the ideals of nationalism, racism, aggression, and other policies, that led to World War II, as well as the various atrocities committed by Hitler and his henchmen.
Neil Armstrong- born in 1930, he was a U.S. astronaut who became the first man to set foot on the moon in 1969.
Ronald Reagan- born in 1911, he was the 40th President of the United States, from 1981 until 1989. During his tenure, he did many great things for America, including a drastic reduction in taxes, reducing the size of the federal government, and many other necessary reforms, that gave people in America greater freedom. What he is most remembered for, however, is as the man who brought forth the fall of the Soviet Union, giving greater freedom not only to the US, but to the world. Mr. Reagan passed away in June of 2004.
Saddam Hussein- born in 1937, he was the dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003, when American forces stormed Iraq and freed them from the dictator. After decades of murderous torture, and atrocities, such as the use of chemical weapons on the Iranians, and his own people, justice is being served to the man, who has now joined ranks with Hitler and Joseph Stalin as one of the most infamous dictators in history.
Security Council- The security council of the United Nations is a body of the 5 permanent members (United States, United Kingdom, the Russian Federation, France, and the People’s Republic of China), whose task is supposedly to maintain peace and security among the nations. The powers allotted to this are the ability to draft United Nations resolutions which member nations are supposed to carry out according the charter of the United Nations.
Space Shuttle- is a manned space craft, with the purpose of transporting equipment and personnel back and forth from earth to an orbiting space station.
Soviet Union- was a union of states created in 1922. Within this union, leaders would carry out their “socialist experiment”, working on social reformation, redistribution of income, and general equality, all at the expense of millions of lives. It soon became a great rival of the United States, and the became engaged in a “Cold War”, until it was placed on the “ash heap of history” when it collapsed in 1991.
Tank- is an armored vehicle created by the British during World War I, which fills many roles and capacities in the armed forces of the world today. From troops transport, to assault vehicle, the tank has become one of the most widespread pieces of assault equipment in the world today. Pictured on the right is a World War II era Sherman Tank.
Franklin Roosevelt- born in 1882, he was the 32nd President of the United States from 1933, until his death in 1945. He is most remembered for leading the United States during World War II, as well as his, I daresay, overrated “New Deal”, with the intent of trying to bring the United States out of the Great Depression.
Tiananmen Square- is a location within China, that is most well known for the student protest that took place in 1989 within it, which ended in a massacre, and the deaths of thousands of young Chinese. It is also known as the Tiananmen Massacre.
United Nations- was an organization formed in 1945, with the intent of maintaining world peace, the keeping of treaties among nations, and the observations of international law. Its membership consists of 191 nations, working to carry out their own goals. The UN, however, has become ineffectual in its spoken goal of keep the peace and observation of international law, and has rather become a political platform, through which individual states attempt to make global reform.
Utopianism- is the ideal that man is “evolving” to a higher state and that someday man will be able to live in harmony, and equality with one another, where the state fades away, and eternal joy prevails. This was, and continues to be one of the key tenets to Marxism, Leninism (the basis of Communism), which continues to attract many followers even to this day.
Vietnam War- was a war fought from 1961 until 1975, between the Communist Northern Vietnam and the Democratic Southern Vietnam. In the end, after the US withdrew, the Northern and Southern Vietnams were united into one Vietnam called the Socialistic Republic of Vietnam, under the banner of Communism.
Winston Churchill- born in 1874, he was Prime Minister of Britain from 1940-1945, and 1950-1955. He was one of the great leaders of World War II, who inspired his people, and other people, not to give up against the onslaught of Hitler’s forces. He died in 1965.
World War II- was a war fought from 1939 until 1945. In it, the axis powers
(principally Germany, Italy, Japan, and initially, the Soviet Union), fought
against the allies (principally Great Britain, France, and later the United
States and the Soviet Union), was a war fought with the purpose of keeping Hitler
and his followers from conquering, and subduing the world, and to carry out
his purposes of creating a “dominant race”.