Sir Winston Churchill
1874 - 1965
Prime Minister of England during WWIIby Rit Nosotro First Published:: 2003
Sir Winston Churchill was born on November 30, 1874. He graduated from the Royal Military College in Sandhurst and was commissioned in the Forth Hussars in February 1895. He was captured in the Boer war, and after his escape, he became a National Hero. Ten months later, he became a member of the Conservative Party, and in 1904, joined the Liberal Party and became the president of the Board of Trade.
In 1910 he worked with David Lloyd George as the Home Secretary. In 1911, he became First Lord of the Admiralty after he left the Home Office. During the unsuccessful Gallipoli campaign of the First World War, he nearly lost his career. As it was, he had to resign from his position as an admiral. Six years later, he returned to office as the Minister of Munitions. In the same year, he became a member of the coalition party in which he was a member until it collapsed in 1922. He remained inactive for the next two years, until he returned to the conservative government with the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was unable to attain a cabinet office for the next ten years. During his resignation, his views of King Edward VIII were detested. It was only until Nazi Germany declared war on Poland that the people uplifted his opinions. Shortly after, Neville Chamberlain restored his position as the First Lord of the Admiralty on September 3, 1939.
Churchill succeeded Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister in 1940, and in World War II, he secured military support from the United States. He also went back and forth to different countries and gained their support as well. With the combined effort of all their allies, they were able to defeat Hitler and his forces. His undying efforts gained him respect from all over the world. He was defeated nonetheless in the 1945 election by the Labour Party who had control until 1951. Winston regained his position in 1951 and led Britain until April 5, 1955, when poor health compelled him to resign.
Much of his later years were spent writing (The History of the English-Speaking People) and painting. In recognition of his historical studies, he received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1953, and in 1963, the US Congress granted him Honorary American Citizenship. He died of a stroke at the age of ninety in 1965. His death marked the end of an era in British History and he was given a state funeral and was buried in St. Martin's Churchyard, Blandon, Oxford shire. During his lifetime he served, Queen Victoria, Edward VII, George IV, Edward VIII, George VI, and Elisabeth II.