Former Prime Minister of Israelby Rit Nosotro First Published:: 2003
Golda Meir was born in 1898 in Kiev, Russia. In 1906 poverty spread throughout the Soviet Union. As a result Golda and her family immigrated to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. While there she studied in the Normal School for Teachers. Through memories of Russia she became a Zionist and a socialist.
In 1921 Golda moved to Palestine with her husband Morris Myerson. During her stay at Kibbutz Merhavyah she became politically active. After three years she moved to Tel Aviv and joined the Histadrut Trade Union. For the duration of 1932 and 1934 she worked in the United States as an ambassador for the Hechalutz women's organization. In the 1940īs, because of the struggle with the British Mandatory Officers, she became a significant leader. When the British Mandatory authorities imprisoned Moshe Sharett, Golda replaced him as the head of the Jewish Agency's Political Department. For that reason she raised money in the United States to help with the costs of the Israeli War of Independence.
David Ben-Gurion selected Golda to be a member of the Provisional Government in 1948. In that same year she was Israel's Ambassador to Moscow. After being in that position for eight years she became Foreign Minister in which she served until January of 1966. Retiring from the job of Foreign Minister, she became Secretary General of Mapai. Due to the sudden death of Prime Minister Levi Eshkol she was elected to be Prime Minister. Golda stayed in this position until Egypt and Syria made a surprise attack on Israel in 1973. Because of this tragedy, she had to resign her position as Prime Minister. Subsequent to the war she joined the Labor Party, who had made an agreement with Syria and Egypt. In 1978 Golda Meir died and was buried on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.
Golda Meir was one of the most influential women in Israel. The United States and many other countries supported her. Golda helped many Jews around the world, especially those in the Soviet Union. "It's no accident many accuse me of conducting public affairs with my heart instead of with my head. Well, what if I do?" She once stated. "Those who don't know how to weep with their whole heart don't know how to laugh either."
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